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Bill Mollison - PERMACULTURE: A Designers Manual – 7 Pages · INTRODUCTION TO PERMACULTURE BY BILL MOLLISON Pamphlet I in the. PERMACULTURE A Designers Manual Bill techetolyson.gq - Google Drev. Permaculture principles Akvaponik, Hydroponisk Havearbejde, Økologisk Havebrug. Bill Mollison - Permaculture A Designers Manual pdf free download.
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Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Mollison and Holmgren see their role as permaculture designers as three-fold.
Their actions are directed not at people, but rather at the earth. Our real, underlying interest is the site itself, though we may not choose to tell everyone that. Earth was conceived of then as a living, thinking organism, a biological entity. The Gaia hypothesis, as formulated by James Lovelock, is that the earth less and less appears to behave like a material assembly, and more and more appears to act as a thought process.
Even in the inanimate world we are dealing with a life force, and our acts are of great effect. The reaction of the earth is to restore equilibrium and balance. If we maltreat, overload, deform, or deflect natural systems and processes, then we will get a reaction, and this reaction may have long-term consequences.
This living mindset is focused on the conditions under which complex systems or organisms can develop. Living systems are said to be able to organize themselves. The Gaia hypothesis of James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis has provided a brilliant example of whole-system science that makes it clear that the earth is a self-organised system. Principles and Pathways, 3.
His regulatory second-order cybernetics concept was most successfully propagated by the American environmentalist Stewart Brant. Fuller and Brant understood the earth as a system spaceship that can be regulated, managed, and improved via technology. Holmgren and Mollison are not interested in steering Spaceship Earth. Like Eugene Odum, they see a difference between a spaceship and the earth in that not all of the components and relationships of earth are known and understood, and not all systems are closed.
Mollison and Holmgren in contrast, in their elaboration upon the Gaia hypothesis, credit earth with a form of intelligence and with an active role in the design process.
But what exactly does the Gaia hypothesis state? The Gaia hypothesis was formulated in the s by Lynn Margulis, a microbiologist, together with the chemist, biophysicist and medical doctor James Lovelock. Jahrhundert, ed.
The concept of ecosystems stresses dynamic balances within an ecological system made up of plants, animals and physical forces. The hypothesis is applied in the main to surface temperature, the chemical composition of the ocean, freshwater levels, and the composition of the atmosphere.
It draws from a systems theory understanding of life and living organisms as open systems that react to their environment and regulate themselves according to their own needs as well as the needs of that environment. This was one of the starting points of the Gaia hypothesis. James Lovelock, D.
Eileen Crist, H. Holmgren in particular often points out opportunities to control systems through positive and negative feedback and transfers the cybernetic dispositif of control to the economy, to management techniques, and to government activity.
We are also in an area of uncertainty about the concept of end states or climax in systems - the state to which they tend to evolve.
II is doubtful if any such state ever existed, as inexorable climatic change, fire, nutrient leaching, and Invasion deflect systems from their apparent endpoints. He doubts that it is possible to have total control, if only because the final horizon is not the survival of humanity, but of Gaia: All these effects are under some human control in a developed ecosystem.
Protection from fire, positive nutrient supply to plants, and long-term evolutions are possible in terms of human occupancy. It is not a superorganism endowed with any sort of unified agency.
With better understanding of how positive and negative feedbacks work in nature, we can design systems that are more self-regulating, thus reducing the work involved in repeated and harsh corrective management. She is not a sovereign power lording it over us. Here knowledge is not only found within nature, but nature itself is an actor in the generation of knowledge in the form of an assemblage.
It replaces questions of controlling, regulating and steering systems — the concerns of first-order cybernetics — with questions of the materiality, embodiment, and visuality of dynamic processes of knowledge guided not solely by rationality, but by speculation in the form of radical imagination.
The afterlife of systems theory in permaculture design therefore presents the history of science with significant challenges.
Particularly when this knowledge mingles discursive forms and visual patterns and cannot be subsumed under a master theory or an ontology but takes the form of speculation and assemblage.
When it is not guided by a sovereign power, but influenced by multiple actors. How can the afterlife of systems theory then be narrated? The most logical answer would be to describe the creative practice of permaculture design — in the sense of a practical cultural technique of patterning — via practical transformations rather than via the texts and theories of its founders.
This I have not done; nevertheless I do hope to have made a case for the recognition of the popular, practical knowledge of permaculture design. The afterlife of systems theory in permaculture design expands our horizons to include a type of ecological thought that is based neither on cybernetics nor biology nor systems theory nor mathematics nor the like, but rather uses scraps of theory to generate a figurative and applied practical knowledge that is perhaps better described as non- knowledge.
A pattern language, Towns, Buildings, Construction. New York: Oxford University Press, Arendt, Hannah. Ronald Beiner, Munich: Piper, Barbrook, Richard, and Andy Cameron. Accessed June 4, Jahrhundert, edited by Stefan Rieger and Manfred Schneider, Clarke, Bruce.
Bruce Rinker, Cambridge: MIT Press, DeLanda, Manuel. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, Deleuze, Gilles and Felix Guattari.
A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia.
Bill Mollison - PERMACULTURE : A Designers Manual – 1988
Translated by Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Fuller, Richard Buckminster. Operating Manual For Spaceship Earth. Harrasser, Karin and Ulrike Bergermann. Vermischte Texte, edited by Ulrike Bergermann, Holmgren, David. Hampshire: Permanent Publications, Accessed April 4, Hubbert, M. Ingold, Tim. Latour, Bruno. Lovelock, James and D.
PERMACULTURE A Designers Manual
Lovelock, James. A New Look at Life on Earth.
Margulis, Lynn. New York: Basic Books, Mollison, Bill. Permaculture Design Course Pamphlet Series. Sparr Florida : Barking Frogs Permaculture, Permaculture: A Designers' Manual. Sisters Creek, Tasmania: Tagari publications, Montgomery, David.
Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations. Oakland: University of California Press, Odum, Eugene P. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates, Bielefeld: Transcript, Stengers, Isabella. Cosmopolitics I. Translated by Robert Bononno.
Vogl, Joseph. Introduction to Poetologien des Wissens um , by Joseph Vogl. Zerilli, Linda M. Feminism and the Abyss of Freedom.You are commenting using your Facebook account. It is the intellect that decides all these things, rather than any extrinsic factors. Axioms of practical knowledge Bill Mollison, a biogeographer1 and autodidact born in Australia in , is considered the founding father of the permaculture movement, together with his student David Holmgren.
Don't just turn on the tap, catch rainwater. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics.